Biogas production from a small holder dairy farm in Selangor

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  • October 22, 2021
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Jamal Abdul Nasir Bin Mohamad Hassan. Biogas production from a small holder dairy farm in Selangor. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of e-Poster Presentation).

1Jamal Abdul Nasir Bin Mohamad Hassan, 2Yong Meng Goh, 3Roslan Mohd Yusof, 1Teck Leon Tan

1 Department Of Veterinary Services Malaysia Jalan Nilai Banting,Bandar Baru Salak Tinggi, 43900 Sepang, Selangor;

2 Jabatan Sains Praklinikal Veterinar, Fakulti Perubatan Veterinar,Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan;

3 Bahagian Penyelidikan & Inovasi, Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar,Kementerian Pertanian Dan Industri Asas Tani, Wisma Tani, Blok Podium Lot 4G1 & 4G2,No.28 Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, 62630 PutraJaya, Malaysia

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The growing interest in anaerobic biotechnology has been closely associated with the benefit of energy and nutrient recovery while achieving the objective of pollution abatement. The main reasonfor the breakthrough of the anaerobic waste treatment method presumably lies in the developmentand successful application of new, simple and less expensive anaerobic treatment processes. Biogas plants can be designed and constructed as big or small units as required depending on the amount ofwaste available and the volume of the gas needed. The objective of this experiment is to study the quantity of biogas (methane) production through anaerobic digestion. The farm candidate in this work was a small holder farm in Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan with 40 heads of lactating cows. Underground farm-scale digester was constructed to study the potential of biogas (methane) production. The anaerobic digestion of dairy farm waste was performed at optimal condition with average temperature of 28°C and pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.6 in a 50 m3 closed digester over three weeks period. The biogas produced was sampled using a gas sampling bag which was analysed periodically. Methane and carbon dioxide production were measured by injecting 1 mL of the headspace gas from each of the bag into a gas chromatograph equipped with thermal conductivity detector (TCD). Methane content ranged from 39% to 63% while the composition of carbon dioxidein the biogas mixture was between 18% to 39%.

Categories: 2018
Tags: Jurnal/Prosiding/Abstrak