Mycotic encephalitis and pulmonary-nephromycoses infection in Irrawaddy dolphin – A case report

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  • October 22, 2021
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Aida Muhid. Mycotic encephalitis and pulmonary-nephromycoses infection in Irrawaddy dolphin - A case report. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of e-Poster Presentation).


1Aida Muhid, 1Norina Lokman, 2Noordin Mohamed Mustapha, 3Tamimi Mohd Ali Ahmad,4Hanafi H, 4Sarol Kalam1Department of Veterinary Services State of Johor, Level 4, Bangunan Dato’ Mohamad IbrahimMunsyi 79630 Kota Iskandar, Nusajaya, Johor;2Department of Patology and Veterinary Microbiology ,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, UniversityPutra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor3Fishery Research Institute (FRI) Rantau Abang, Pusat Penyu dan Ekosistem Marin (TUMEC), JabatanPerikanan Malaysia, 23050 Dungun Terengganu4Regional Veterinary Laboratory Johor Bahru, Department of Veterinary Services, Jalan Taruka, OffJalan Datin Halimah, 80350 Johor Bahru, Malaysia.Corresponding author:

Irrawaddy dolphin also known as Orcaella brevirostris was listed as critically endangered species in the whole world by The World Wide Fund for nature (WWF) (Elliot, 2009). On Feb 2017, a carcass of male Irrawaddy Dolphin, weight 120 kg with 2 meters length was found stranded at Pantai Pusat Perdagangan Pontian,Johor. Post mortem examination has done in situ revealed nodule in the apicallobe of lung, hydrothorax, severe haemorrhage (paint brush haemorrhage) of cerebrum, renal congestion, hepatic congestion, and muscle hematoma at the back of the head. Aspergillus flavus was isolated from the lung and kidney, Geothricum candidum from brain and Pasteurella ureae from all organs. Histopathological finding showed vasculitis in the brain, kidney, liver and forestomach, presence of fungal hyphae in the blood vessel and penetrate into the cerebrum. The fungal hyphae also detected at the interstial cell of kidney. This is the first reported case of mixed fungal infection in the Irrawardy Dolphin in Malaysia.

Categories: 2018
Tags: Jurnal/Prosiding/Abstrak