Prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites incommercial breeding porcupines (Hystrix brachyura)
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- October 22, 2021
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Ana Maria Abd. Rahim. Prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites incommercial breeding porcupines (Hystrix brachyura). 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).
1Ana Maria Abd. Rahim, 2Tuba Thabitah Abdullah Tahir, 3Noraisyah Ab Han, 1Norsharina Arshat, 1Ilias Mohd Rani, 1Millawati Abd. Ghani, 1Azman Shah Abd Manaf, 1Rahmat Topani 1 National Wildlife Forensic Laboratory (NWFL), Ex-Situ Conservation Division, Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP), KM 10 Jalan Cheras, 56100 Kuala Lumpur. 2 Regional Veterinary Laboratory Services, DVS, Bandar Baru Salak Tinggi,43900 Sepang, Selangor 3 Regional Veterinary Laboratory Bukit Tengah, DVS Pulau Pinang *Corresponding author: email@example.com
A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites from porcupines in captivity in Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 81 blood samples and 25 faecal samples were collected randomly from commercial breeding porcupines. It was found that 40.74% of the porcupines were infected with blood parasites and 100% of the porcupines were infected with intestinal parasites. Blood parasites were detected in the porcupines were Theileria sp (25.92%) and Anaplasma sp (14.81%). Meanwhile, for intestinal parasites the most prevalence was Strongyles sp (64%), followed by Coccidia oocyst (56%), Trichuris sp (52%) and Syphacia muris (4%). The porcupines that were infected were all asymptomatic with low parasite load. Routine monitoring of the presence of parasites in the porcupines is imperative in assisting cage management in the formulation and implementation of preventive and control measures against the spread of infectious parasitic diseases among porcupines within the cages/ captivities or to humans.
Keywords: Blood parasites, intestinal parasites; porcupines; Peninsular Malaysia