Retrospective study on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) positive cases from 2014-2017 in Peninsular Malaysia

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  • October 22, 2021
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Mohammad Bohari Jusoh. Retrospective study on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) positive cases from 2014-2017 in Peninsular Malaysia. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of e-Poster Presentation).

 

 

1Mohammad Bohari Jusoh, 1Muhammad Redzwan S., 2Norlida O., 2Ramlan M., 1Sohayati A.R.   1 Veterinary Research Institute, Department of Veterinary Services, 59, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia; 2Department of Veterinary Services, Wisma Tani, Lot 4G1, Precint 4, Federal Government Administrative Center, 62624 Putrajaya  Corresponding author: bohari.dvs@1govuc.gov.my 

Malaysia had experienced Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak as early as in 1909. Since then, the disease is endemic in Peninsular Malaysia until now. A retrospective study on the FMD vaccination and outbreak data from 2014-2017 was conducted to evaluate the vaccination and disease control program. From the data, a total of 93 FMD outbreaks (109 cases) were recorded from 11 states in Peninsular Malaysia.  The highest positive cases of FMD were reported in Malacca (23, 21.1%), Pahang (16, 14.7%) and Johor (15, 13.8%). The outbreak occurred every year with the significantly irregular pattern, the highest cases reported in 2015 (35, 32.1%) and the lowest cases in 2016 (15, 13.8%), (P=0.022, F=3.337, df=3). The predominant species infected were cattle (96, 94.1%) followed by the buffaloes (5, 4.9%) and Seladang (1, 1.0%). Data also showed there was a significantly higher number of positive FMD cases in non-vaccinated compare to vaccinated animals (p=0.00, x2=26.978). In conclusion, FMD is endemic in Peninsular Malaysia. Studies to evaluate the vaccine effectiveness, current vaccination program and the level of immunity conferred in vaccinated animals are essential for successful eradication of FMD in Peninsular Malaysia.    

Categories: 2018
Tags: Jurnal/Prosiding/Abstrak
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