Serological tests for parasitic infections in livestock and pets conducted at the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia from 2000 to 2015
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- October 22, 2021
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Premaalatha Bathmanaban. Serological tests for parasitic infections in livestock and pets conducted at the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia from 2000 to 2015. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).
Premaalatha Bathmanaban, Zaini Che Mamat, 2Zuraini Zainalabidin, 1Sohayati Abd Rahman, 3Ramlan Mohamed, 3Chandrawathani Panchadcharam
1Veterinary Research Institute, Department of Veterinary Services, 59, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
2Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Campus Jeli, Kelantan 3Department of Veterinary Services, Wisma Tani, Lot 4G1, Precint 4, Federal Government Administrative Center, 62624 Putrajaya
Corresponding author: princess_latha2Pembentangan@yahoo.com
Parasitic infections such as protozoan and helminth infections abound in livestock in Malaysia. Over a 15 years period from 2000 to 2015, serological tests were conducted in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for surveillance and diagnosis to elucidate the presence of common parasitic infections in various animals as part of the general health screening programmes to ensure safe food for the public. A total of 4707 animals consists of cattle, pigs, cats, dogs, and goat serum samples that were tested for Babesiosis, Neosporosis and Toxoplasmosis using the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody test (IFAT), Trichinellosis and Anaplasmosis using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and Trypanosomiasis using Card Agglutination Trypanosomiasis test (CATT). Toxoplasmosis and Erhlichia canis infections in dogs and cats were tested using IFAT. Results indicates of Babesia bovis (0.6%), Babesia bigemina (0.6%), Neospora caninum (5.4%) and Toxoplasma gondii (0.3%) in cattle using IFAT. Toxoplasma gondii was found in goats (35.5%), cats (4.5%), dogs (6%) and there were no positive samples found in pig samples. Ehrlichia canis was also found in dogs (5.5%). The ELISA test conducted showed that 2% positive for Trichinellosis in pigs whereas 78% cattle positive for Anaplasmosis. CATT test conducted for Trypanosomiasis in cattle indicated 14.6% positive. In overall, the serological tests using commercial test kits are a useful and quick method of indicating the status of the disease in animals although it is more expensive as when compared to direct examination of thin blood smears, which requires the technical skill for identification and diagnosis.