The Collective Assemblance of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats from the Four-Quarters of The Post Mortem Table
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- October 22, 2021
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Dorothy Simon. The Collective Assemblance of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats from the Four-Quarters of The Post Mortem Table. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Oral Presentation).
*1Dorothy Simon, 1S. Geethamalar, 1Khoo C. K., 1N. Azian, 1Roslina H., 1Roshaslinda D., 1Zuraida D., 1Norlina D., 1Siti Suraya H., 2Shafarin M.S.
1 Veterinary Research Institute, 59 Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak; 2Makmal Veterinar Wilayah Tengah Salak Tinggi, Bandar Baru Salak Tinggi.
*Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a common, fatal and immune-mediated disease of cats caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection. The clinical manifestations of FIP can be either a pathogenic disease or more commonly a benign or mild enteric infection. Collectively, four cat carcasses that comprised of three kittens (two to four months) and an adult were received by Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) Ipoh for disease investigation. Upon general examinations, the cats were extremely emaciated (BSC: 1), fur were ruffled, very dehydrated, skin being icteric and pale too. The gums and tongue were also inflamed and had ulcers. The eyes were sunken with the third eyelid being apparent, icteric and also with anterior uveitis. A detailed post-mortem examination revealed both thoracic and visceral organs as icteric too especially at the heart, lungs, liver including the muscles. Accumulations of abdominal and pleural effusion were also observed. The fluids were yellowish straw-like colour exudatesas observed in three carcasses and absented in one carcass, which implies both the effusive and non-effusive form of FIP.Molecular diagnosis through Nested Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction(nRT-PCR) confirmed it as positive for FCoV. Hence, a definitive diagnosis for both the effusive and non-effusive form of FIP were concluded for all four cats based on post-mortem findings with the confirmation and supportive results from the laboratories. Being difficult to diagnose in nature, multiple diagnostic tests can be used to confirm FIP and help to rule out other fatal feline diseases