The operation of Nipah Virus Laboratory for the National Swine Surveillance Programme

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  • October 22, 2021
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H. Jamal1, N. Muniandy1, A. J. Aziz1, M. Ramlan1, S. Jasbir1, B.L. Ong2, M. Y., Najamuddin l, M. R. Alil, and J.Y. Goh1

1Veterinary Research Institute Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
2Department of Veterinary Services, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


  • Conference: National Congress on Animal Health and Production 1999: Environment Care In Animal Production
  • At: Malacca, Malaysia
  • Volume: Proceedings of National Congress on Animal Health and Production 1999. Pages 417-419.
  • Project: 
  • Nipah virus outbreak in Malaysia -1999

The outbreak of Nipah virus disease in Malaysia, which has caused human fatalities, has been attributed to a viral infection in pigs. The outbreak in 1998/99 has been traced back to earlier incidences which were provisionally diagnosed as Japanese encephalitis (JE). Since the discovery in March 1999 of the Nipah virus as the aetiological agent responsible for sickness and death of human beings associated with the pig industry, the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) Malaysia, had introduced the National Swine Surveillance (NSS) programme in April 1999. The aim of this programme was to screen the pig farms in Malaysia so as to control the spread of the virus. The above epidemic was considered an emergency which
was not experienced by the country previously and this article aims to entail the mode of operation in the Nipah virus laboratory at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh.

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